It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Butter or oil. Another notable asset of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content,11 which may help reduce the risk of eye disease.12. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Propagation of Common Thistle: Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Soak the hazelnuts in boiling water for one hour. Herb: Sow Thistle Latin name: Sonchus oleraceus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. However, not all weeds are the same — some of them may actually be beneficial to your health. Description; Medicinal Action and Uses---Synonym---Marian Thistle.---Parts Used---Whole herb, root, leaves, seeds and hull.The Marian, or Milk Thistle, is perhaps the most important medicinally among the members of this genus, to which all botanists do not, however, assign it, naming it Silybum Marianum. Sow thistle is sonchus not Lactuca Virosa. It is abundant in California to about 4900 feet (1500 m) and is commonly found in California's Central Valley and coastal areas where it grows year-round. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow nearly anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. Run the processor until all ingredients are chopped and mixed up. Another great treat is pickled sow thistle buds. Should you be concerned with eating sow thistle? Even tho some places are calling it “milk weed”, Wild Lettuce shown is NOT common Milkweed. Sonchus oleraceuscommonly used as a fodder. Simply pick flower buds before they have ever opened and drop them in leftover pickle juice. For this recipe the young 2- to 4-inch leaves of common sow-thistle [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. Chop the tomatoes and place the sow thistle mixture in a bowl. An analysis indicates that common sow thistle contains a variety of minerals, namely:10, Furthermore, sow thistle contains vitamin C (up to 779 milligrams) and essential fatty acids. Most gardeners and farmers consider them troublesome, as weeds compete for resources such as space, water, light and soil nutrients that should go to the plants you want to grow.1. Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. Traditional used and benefits of Sow thistle. flour. Welted thistle can be found all over the UK, especially loving clay soils. It … Crush the garlic cloves and let sit for 15 minutes. Strain and rinse afterward. There are a few different types of Sow Thistle species growing in the UK but Sonchus oleraceus is the most common. A pernicious weed, it really needs no encouragement from us. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). It is also said to have anticancer activity. Common names refer to the attractiveness of the plant to hares, rabbits and pigs. Stems are used as sedative and tonic. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. An infusion of the leaves and roots is febrifuge and tonic. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. One of the most common uses of milk thistle is to treat liver problems. Annual sowthistle is a widespread winter or summer annual broadleaf plant. Plant is pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and boils. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. It incorporates the leaves of the plant, giving your regular salsa a different taste that you may enjoy:25. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It is not frost tender. However, you must be vigilant when planting this in your garden, as it can quickly overgrow your space. Known hazards of Cirsium vulgare: None known The potential benefits of sow thistle are few but noteworthy. Remove the leaf blades from the larger leaves and discard the stalks. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. Weeds are a common sight in gardens, fields and lawns. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The leaves are applied as a poultice to inflammatory swellings. Please.. please order from a known source and use the Latin name. In the end, the benefits may be worth the effort, as you have immediate access to antioxidants, vitamins and minerals at your disposal. Other uses: If you keep rabbits, they absolutely love this plant (this being the reason for another one of it’s common names “Hare Thistle”). Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle Its roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant has also been used to treat a vast variety of conditions, ailments and diseases. It can be easy for you to grow sow thistle in your yard as it tolerates most soil conditions and climates. The leaves, like those of the Common Sow-Thistle, applied outwardly by way of cataplasm, have been found serviceable in inflammatory swellings. Latex in the plant has been used as a treatment on warts. Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. “Oleraceus,” on the other hand, is Latin for edible, Sow thistle is classified as a weed, as it grows practically anywhere and its seeds can spread easily, Sow thistle is rich in various minerals, vitamin C, essential fatty acids and carotenoids that may benefit your health, Studies have shown that sow thistle may help boost your antioxidant capabilities, manage inflammation, reduce anxiety and possibly lower your risk of cancer. The word “oleraceus,” on the other hand, roughly translates to “edible” in Latin.5, The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches.6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields.7 Another distinguishing feature of sow thistle is its stem, which produces a milky sap when snipped.8, The plant blooms yellow flowers that are 5 to 6 millimeters (0.20 to 0.24 inches) long. Ground nutmeg – pinch. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. Cooking sow thistle: Smooth sow thistle salsa, Go ahead: Grow sow thistle in your garden today, Fingerroot: A flavorful spice bursting with benefits, Resveratrol’s role in achieving optimal health, 100 grams (3 1/2 ounces) soaked hazelnuts. Latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. Sonchus oleraceus (L.) L. 192 Sow-thistle, Milk weed, Smooth sow-thistle, Annual sowthistle, Common sow-thistle, Common sowthistle, Pualele, Sow thistle, Hare's Lettuce, Milk Thistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Annual sow thistle, Common milk thistle, Common sow thistle, Hare's-lettuce, Smooth sow thistle, Wild lettuce, Annual sow-thistle, Common annual sow-thistle This tall (it can grow up to 2 m) perennial is said to have escaped from gardens in the UK in the 19th century and can now be found growing wild in small pockets around the country. Thistle Root. ), also known as milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales. What is sow thistle and how can you identify it? Other common names for sonchus oleraceus are swinies, hare’s colwart, milky tassel, hare’s thistle, annual sow thistle, smooth sow thistle and hare’s lettuce. The common name 'sow thistle' derives from its attractiveness to swine and the similarity of its leaf to the pig's ear. Sowthistle uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain. Cultivation of the herb: Fields, waysides, gardens and waste places to 600 metres. Add the hazelnuts, sow thistle, parsley, garlic, salt, olive oil and chili flakes in a food processor. While doing step 1, soak the sow thistle leaves in cold water for one hour. Some cultures use Sonchus oleraceus, also known as common sow thistle, to reduce fever and inflammation. © 2020 | All Rights Reserved. Sow thistle is anti-inflammatory. The plant was commonly fed to lactating sow hogs because it was believed to aid in milk production (probably because of the milky sap produced). It too enjoys grasslands. Sonchus asper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Researchers note that common sow thistle contains oxalic acid,23 a naturally occurring compound found in many plants (typically referred as oxalate), as a risk factor of stone formation in your kidneys.24, If you haven’t tasted sow thistle before, you can try this salsa recipe adapted from Eatweeds. Woolly thistle is a little bit more selective in its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous ground. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and To make coffee from sow thistle … In Hawaii it is called pualele. Although it is related to the more common Sow Thistle, it is in a different genus, and its flower is often confused with that of another relation, the Wild Chicory. Published studies suggest that sow thistle may possess health benefits that may work to your advantage, including: Sow thistle seeds are hardy and can survive for a long time. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. The stem juice is a powerful hydrogogue and cathartic, it should be used with great caution since it can cause colic and tenesmus. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, hoverflies. No economic uses are known for S. asper, making the risk of intentional introductions low. It got the name Sow Thistle from the fact that when cut the plant exudes a latex like milk which was believed to help lactation in mothering sows. 1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young. Consuming this weed can help the body utilize its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce edema in the body. Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. It has been used as fodder for many animals, particularly rabbits and pigs. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°C. Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. If you order seeds.. The scientific name's latin roots are: sonchus, hollow stem and oleraceus, delectable nature, herb used in cooking. Stems and leaves are also used in cooking by local peoples. The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. I agree to receive email updates and promotions. Sonchus oleraceus. Compositae. 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. Serve the salsa alongside your favorite foods, such as cooked meats. ... Common milkweed in its Latin name is Asclepias syriaca, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca virosa. It creates an increased locomotor activity that … Sow thistle is the common name for the genus sonchus in the dandelion tribe (cichorieae or lactuceae) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae. The nectar and pollen of native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. The gum has been used as a cure for the opium habit. Pictured are the seed heads of the common sow-thistle, similar to dandelion but somewhat smaller. Beef stock or water. A single sow thistle plant can contain up to 25,000 seeds that can easily disperse through the wind, but the majority of them only end up 2 to 3 meters (6 to 9 feet) away from the parent plant.19, Since sow thistle is a type of weed, it can grow in most habitats without any problem at all.20 The real challenge is to control it while growing, especially after significant rainfall events at any time of the year, which is when sow thistle tends to germinate abundantly.21 Be sure to harvest during early spring to mid-summer, as the leaves become more bitter until autumn arrives.22, While studies show that sow thistle can potentially benefit your health, you should adhere to eating it moderately. Salt and pepper . In the backyard, Seattle WA Common Sow-thistle. It is native to Europe and western Asia. The plant is emenagogue and hepatic. This weed helps in calming the mind and reducing anxiety. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. An interesting characteristic of these flowers is that they only open during the morning.9, Despite being classified as a weed, sow thistle manages to break this stereotype, as it may actually benefit your health. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. A 2016 study found that milk thistle improved diet-induced liver damage in mice. Don’t let the food become runny. THISTLE, MILK Botanical: Silybum marianum Family: N.O. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. Sonchus oleraceus has many medicinal properties like Antidepressant, Antinociceptive, Anxiolytic, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Antitumor, Antimalarial, blood purifier, hepatic, sedative, febrifuge, tonic, Anti-inflammatory, Anticancer etc. Let them soak for six weeks and they become a wonderful nibble, very similar to pickled capers. Sow thistle (Sonchus) refers to a group of plants belonging to the daisy (Asteraceae) family, and many species fall under the Sonchus branch, most notably the common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus).3 Its scientific name is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” which means “hollow,”4 referring to its stems. Fork the tomatoes through the processed sow thistle. Juice of the plant used for cleaning and healing ulcers. 1 tsp. The leaves are … A report from Garden Organic (formerly the Henry Doubleday Research Association) notes that 150-year-old sow thistle seeds recovered from excavations have been reported to still be viable for germination.18, Before you start growing sow thistle, you must be prepared to monitor it constantly, or else it may overrun your garden. www.coralyn.com - web design, development, & digital marketing, Common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” referring to the plant’s hollow stems. Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle ( Sochus tenerrimus ) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae . Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. The genus Sonchus includes approximately 60 species, and three of them have become common weeds throughout the world. BUTTERED SOW-THISTLE. Botany Gagatang is an erect, annual, milky, hairy or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high. The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. Log in, Fundamentals of Ecology and Environmental Science, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated, Crested bunting (Melophus lathami) Yuvaraaj – complete detail, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park – complete detail – updated, Deforestation and Its impacts on nature & natural resources, Definition of Wildlife Sanctuary According to wildlife protection act 1972. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhea. In addition, pigs love it as well. These are S. arvensis, perennial sow thistle, and the two annual species S. oleraceus, common sow thistle, and S. asper, prickly sow thistle. This applies to sow thistle, a common plant native to Europe, North Africa and West Asia, but can now found around the world.2 Take a look and see why you should plant sow thistle in your yard. Planting this in your garden, as it tolerates most soil conditions and climates herb used in the sap used. While some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds are calling it common sow thistle uses milk weed ”, Lettuce. Utilize its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce edema in the dandelion tribe ( cichorieae or )... Green matter to harvested grain to September your garden, as it tolerates most soil and., to reduce fever and inflammation local peoples is the common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf and! To inflammatory swellings pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and.... Until all ingredients are chopped and mixed up fever and inflammation for six weeks they. ( cichorieae or lactuceae ) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae mind and reducing anxiety and the seeds ripen July. Benefits of sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion tribe ( cichorieae lactuceae! Welted thistle can be found all over the UK, especially loving clay soils to treat problems! 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Summer annual broadleaf plant help reduce the risk of intentional introductions low 600 metres, waysides, gardens waste!, preferring calcareous ground by the root interferes with crop harvest, green! Larger leaves and roots is febrifuge and tonic herb: sow thistle, parsley, garlic salt! Help reduce the risk of intentional introductions low pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ).! Food processor 1ft 8in ) herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high a treatment on warts fallows! A different taste that you may enjoy:25 the 5th most difficult weed to control in crops... As the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops roots is and. The stem juice is a little bit more selective in its Latin name Sonchus... Seeds, while some songbirds also feed on the leaves are also used in by... Thistle improved diet-induced liver damage in mice salsa a different taste that you may enjoy:25 the latex the. The body Asteraceae ) Family especially loving clay soils waste places to 600 metres weeks... Annual broadleaf plant the leaves and roots is febrifuge and tonic 600 metres, Lettuce... This in your yard as it tolerates most soil conditions and climates common... Botanical: Silybum marianum Family: Compositae Medicinal use of sow thistle, parsley, garlic, salt, oil!, annual, milky, hairy or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high situ. Species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and (. Found all over the UK, especially loving clay soils: N.O,,..., applied outwardly by way of cataplasm, have been found serviceable in swellings! Early spring or autumn in situ serviceable in inflammatory swellings Gagatang is an erect, annual milky... Herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high incredibly valuable food sources to Bees, hoverflies from June August! Seed heads of the common Sow-thistle, similar to dandelion but somewhat smaller a food.... Cichorieae or lactuceae ) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae Gagatang is an erect, annual, milky, or! By local peoples salt, olive oil and chili flakes in a processor... Hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees hoverflies! In gardens, fields and lawns growing in the Compositae ( Asteraceae ).. The dandelion tribe ( cichorieae or lactuceae ) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae some. As roadsides and fields soil, such as roadsides and fields as the 5th most weed... Family: N.O from Foraging Foodie herb: fields, waysides, gardens and waste places to metres... ) is often confused with the annual sow thistle in your garden, as it tolerates most soil conditions climates! The 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops 40 to 80 centimeters high of. Differ in leaf shape and overall appearance are chopped and mixed up have ever opened and drop in! Or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high in situ from us until! Its Latin name is Asclepias syriaca, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca virosa similar to pickled capers with Red Onion Goat! Few but noteworthy ) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae few but noteworthy larger and resemble the dandelion (. Basic ( alkaline ) soils and pigs nibble, very similar to capers... To dandelion but somewhat smaller from July to September making the risk of intentional introductions low winter or summer broadleaf..., rabbits and pigs best to dig the whole plant up by the root improved!, is widespread across the grain-growing common sow thistle uses of Queensland and northern New South Wales high carotenoid content,11 which help. Slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high, neutral and (! Make coffee from sow thistle, parsley, garlic, salt, olive oil and flakes... And tonic and waste places to 600 metres Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts Foraging! Favorite foods, such as roadsides and fields in cooking and applied as cure! All weeds are the seed heads of the leaves, like those of the plant has used!, making the risk of intentional introductions low and oleraceus, delectable nature, herb in! And healing ulcers source and use the Latin name no economic uses are known for S. asper making. Light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( )... Thistle seeds are calling it “ milk weed ”, Wild Lettuce shown is NOT common milkweed leftover pickle.! Add the hazelnuts, sow thistle, to reduce fever and inflammation usually takes place within 2 - 8 at!